Leonard Keysor

Leonard Keysor from Paddington was part of the ANZAC forces at Gallipoli

Leonard Keysor won a Victoira Cross at Gallipoli as part of the 1st Australian InfantryDivision
Peter Daniel

Leonard Keysor from Paddington was part of the ANZAC forces at Gallipoli. Leonard Keysor, born 3rd November 1885 at 14 Lanhill Road, Paddington, is considered by many to have carried out some of the most spectacular individual feats of the war, earning him the Victoria Cross, the highest award for gallantry that a British and Commonwealth serviceman can achieve.

When the First World War broke out, Keysor was living in Sydney – where he’d emigrated a few months earlier – and he enlisted in the First Australian Imperial Force. Two months later Keysor sailed to Egypt and on 25 April 1915 he landed at Gallipoli to take part in a major expedition to take the Gallipoli Peninsula.

It was at the Battle of Lone Pine on 7th August 1915 that 29-year-old Keysor performed the act of bravery for which he would be awarded the Victoria Cross. By this time Keysor had become a master bomb thrower. Turkish bombs were round like cricket balls and made of cast iron with an external fuse. Keysor would smother bombs that landed in the trenches with sandbags or clothing. If he had time, he would throw the bombs back – on several occasions he even caught them midflight – before lobbing them back into the Turkish trenches. He was twice wounded but refused medical aid, maintaining his efforts for 50 hours and saving the trench.

Keysor had always considered himself a Londoner and he returned to England after the war to live out his life in and around Maida Vale and Paddington. Westminster Council will unveil a memorial paving stone outside his Paddington birthplace in 2015 to commemorate the Victoria Cross Leonard won at Gallipoli a century ago.

Westminster Archives have worked with local schools to help children to re-discover this story of a local hero, here they share some of what they learned:

“Before he went to Australia he lived in Canada and found a woman that he loved, but when Leonard asked her father if he could marry her…He said “No.” When Leonard heard that he was broken-hearted.” Paola, Year 5

“Leonard attended two schools in Brighton and Ramsgate and in both schools he was a talented cricketer.” Tegan Year 5

“In 1920 Leonard became a movie star and made a film about his story that caused him to get injured. In 1937 he went to the coronation because he was a Victoria Cross holder.” Oscar, Year 5

Comments about this page

  • Thank you for letting us know Chris.

    By Peter Daniel (04/07/2016)
  • I’m pretty sure that the photograph of ‘Leonard Keysor’ on this page is actually a photo of the wartime Prime Minister of Australia, William Morris (Billy) Hughes….or a true lookalike!

    By Chris Payne (24/05/2016)

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This page was added on 15/12/2015.